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電子眼監控應遵守的幾個準則!

點擊次數:    發布時間:2018-11-20  http://www.ztwgro.live/
“電子眼”是電子監督探頭的俗稱。現在,許多城市的公共場所設備了“電子眼”。而跟著“電子眼”越來越多地進入咱們的日子,人們關于“電子眼”的觀點也逐步分為兩類。一部分人認為,“電子眼”雖然在維護社會治安及交通秩序等方面發揮了巨大的效果,但它也侵略了公民的隱私權,使公民的一舉一動徹底處于電子監控之下。
"Electronic eye" is commonly known as electronic monitoring probe. Nowadays, public places in many cities are equipped with "electronic eyes". With more and more "electronic eyes" coming into our life, people's views on "electronic eyes" are gradually divided into two categories. Some people think that although the "electronic eye" has played a great role in maintaining social order and traffic order, it also invades the privacy of citizens, so that citizens'every move is completely under electronic monitoring.
但也有人認為,公共的安全高于個人隱私。
But others believe that public safety is higher than personal privacy.
即閉路電視監控,一般是指在公共場所設備攝像機并與室內監督中心的電視監督器銜接,以對不特定的大眾進行監督的行為。這種監督可所以即時的監控,也可所以制成錄像帶,事后進行觀看。依據監控主體和監控意圖不同,可將其分為三類:
Closed-circuit television surveillance, generally refers to the behavior of equipping cameras in public places and connecting them with TV monitors in indoor surveillance centers to supervise the unspecified masses. Such supervision can be monitored instantly, and video tapes can be made and watched afterwards. According to the different monitoring subjects and monitoring intentions, they can be classified into three categories:
榜首,私人社會中的攝像監控,是一種為了維護監控主體本身的權益而采納的自我保證辦法。如超市、銀行、社區、工廠等進行的電子監控。
At the top of the list, video surveillance in private society is a self-assurance method adopted to safeguard the rights and interests of the subject of surveillance. Such as supermarkets, banks, communities, factories and other electronic monitoring.
第二,政府為保證治安而進行的攝像監控,這種監控是政府尤其是公安機關為實行其職責,為公民供給安全效勞而進行的,是政府利用高科技手法改進其效勞手法的體現。
Secondly, the government's video surveillance to ensure public security, which is carried out by the government, especially by the public security organs, in order to fulfill their duties and provide security services for citizens, is the embodiment of the government's use of high-tech means to improve its service methods.
第三,國家為特別安全利益而采納的高強度攝像監控,比方英國近在國內所進行的高密布度的監控,這歸于一種臨時性的辦法,是政府在十分時期采納的十分行動。其意圖現已超出了傳統的供給安全效勞的領域,而轉變為會集防范與沖擊恐怖主義。
Thirdly, the high-intensity video surveillance adopted by the state for special security interests, such as the high-density surveillance recently carried out in the UK at home, is attributed to a temporary approach, which is a very action adopted by the government in a very long period of time. Its intention has now gone beyond the traditional field of providing security services, and turned into a gathering to prevent and attack terrorism.
電子眼監控應遵守的幾個準則
Several guidelines for electronic eye monitoring
隱私權開展之路必定是利益沖突與和諧之路。那么,應怎么和諧各種利益膠葛,使得隱私權得到大極限的合理維護呢?筆者認為,電子眼的監控規模有必要嚴厲限定在公共領域內并且有必要合法設備。同時,在電子眼監控問題上,還應遵守以下幾個準則:
The way to carry out the right of privacy must be the road of conflict of interest and harmony. Then, how should we harmoniously benefit all kinds of interests so as to maximize the right limit of privacy? In my opinion, it is necessary to strictly limit the monitoring scale of electronic eyes in the public domain and legitimate equipment is necessary. At the same time, the following criteria should be observed in the field of electronic eye monitoring.
,約束監控準則。在《德國聯邦材料維護法》與《美國隱私權法》中都有關于約束搜集或許說直接準則的清晰規則,主要是指個人材料應在當事人知情的情況下向其
First, constraint monitoring criteria. In the German Federal Material Maintenance Act and the American Privacy Law, there are clear rules about the direct criterion of restraining collection, which mainly refers to that personal materials should be informed to the parties concerned.
直接搜集,而不得隱秘搜集。詳細到電子眼的監控上,要求關于攝像設備應設備有警示標志,使得當事人清晰知道自己是處于電子眼監督之下。
Direct collection, but no secret collection. Detailed to the monitoring of the electronic eye, the camera equipment should have warning signs, so that the parties clearly know that they are under the supervision of the electronic eye.
第二,意圖拘束準則。即設備電子眼有必要有合理、合法、清晰的意圖,并且監控所獲得的信息不能用于此特定意圖之外。比方,公安機關依據攝像監控獲得的材料只能用于維護治安之意圖,除法令有清晰規則外,不能用于其他用處。
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Second, the intention is to bind the rules. That is to say, it is necessary for device electronic eyes to have reasonable, legitimate and clear intentions, and the information obtained by monitoring can not be used beyond this specific intent. For example, the materials obtained by the public security organs based on video surveillance can only be used for the purpose of maintaining public order, and can not be used for other purposes except for clear rules of law.
第三,嚴厲保密準則。電子眼監控不只在于監督,更在于依據監督所得信息進行辦理操控。而對隱私權侵略多的即是監督所得信息的不正當傳達,因而這一準則尤為重要。
Third, strict confidentiality guidelines. Electronic eye monitoring is not only supervised but also manipulated according to the information obtained from supervision. And the most invasion of privacy is the improper transmission of information obtained by supervision, so this criterion is particularly important.
第四,職責準則。不具有強制性和保證性的準則其可執行性明顯下降,電子眼監控中出現侵略隱私權的景象時,當事人假如不能得到有用維護,那么侵權現象將會大量出現。
Fourth, duty rules. The enforceability of the non-mandatory and guaranteed criteria is obviously reduced. When the invasion of privacy occurs in electronic eye monitoring, if the parties can not be effectively maintained, then the phenomenon of infringement will appear in large numbers.
世界各國關于電子眼監控沒有有清晰的法令規則,但是歐美各國關于個人隱私、個人信息維護的立法現已根本完善,電子眼監控所帶來的問題現已能夠被相關立法所包容。而我國關于隱私權的維護系統沒有完善,尤其是國家賠償中關于精力危害不予賠償形成隱私權維護的法令缺位。現在北京、重慶、成都等城市公布的關于電子眼的規章多是從行政辦理角度出發標準電子眼的設置,雖然各個規章中都強調對隱私權的維護,但是除北京市的規則外,其他規則過于簡單,沒有可強制執行性,且各地規則繁簡不同,詳細要求各異,對隱私權的維護不行完善。
There are no clear laws and regulations on electronic eye monitoring in the world, but the legislation on personal privacy and personal information maintenance in European and American countries has been basically improved, and the problems brought by electronic eye monitoring can now be contained by relevant legislation. However, the system of privacy protection in China is not perfect, especially the absence of laws and regulations on the protection of privacy caused by the non-compensation of energy damage in state compensation. At present, the regulations on electronic eyes published in Beijing, Chongqing, Chengdu and other cities are mostly from the perspective of administrative management. Although each regulation emphasizes the protection of privacy, the other rules are too simple to be enforceable, and the local rules are too simple and not enforceable. Meanwhile, the detailed requirements are different, and the maintenance of privacy rights can not be perfected.
以上內容由菏澤保安公司整理發布,更多相關內容點擊咨詢:http://www.ztwgro.live
The above content is organized and published by Heze Security Company. For more information, click on http://www.ztwgro.live.
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